Investigating Developments in EFL Speaking through Flipped Learning: A Systematic Review

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor of Applied Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 PhD. Student in TEFL, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


Speaking skills in a foreign language, mainly English, pose challenges for learners. The online flipped classroom is a popular method for improving speaking skills in a foreign language like English. It combines online learning materials with face-to-face interactions to create an interactive learning experience. This approach involves students accessing online materials before class and using class time for interactive activities. A systematic literature review explored the effectiveness of this method in enhancing speaking proficiency. After a thorough screening process, the researchers searched databases such as Eric, Taylor & Francis, Full Text Education, and Web of Science. They focused on articles published between 2021 and 2023 in English, investigating the benefits of the online flipped classroom approach in English Language Teaching. The review analyzed research methods, education levels, countries of publication, language skills studied, advantages, challenges, and results of the flipped classroom approach. The comprehensive review highlights valuable insights on the trends and effectiveness of the online flipped classroom approach in enhancing speaking abilities in ELT. The screening process involved removing duplicates, evaluating titles and abstracts, and conducting thorough article reviews. Data analysis utilized content analysis techniques for the relevant information. Future research should investigate its use in K12 classrooms, and its impact on other language skills, conduct qualitative studies, and assess the long-term influence on proficiency and academic achievement. Policymakers and stakeholders in ELT should consider the global perspective provided by the review, emphasizing contextual factors and diverse language learning environments when implementing the online flipped classroom approach.